Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and tenderness in specific areas of the body. It affects millions of people worldwide, predominantly women. People who have fibromyalgia frequently feel pain in their neck, shoulders, back, hips and among other body parts. Along with the discomfort, stiffness, tingling and numbness are possible side effects.

Read below to get a general understanding of fibromyalgia treatment:

Causes of Fibromyalgia

The exact cause is still unknown. However, researchers believe that it may result from a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Some potential triggers include physical or emotional trauma, infections and hormonal imbalances.

  1. Genetics – Since fibromyalgia frequently runs in families, a genetic component may be present. Some genetic changes may increase a person’s risk of getting the disease.
  2. Emotional or physical trauma – Some people get symptoms of fibromyalgia due to physical trauma such as accidents or getting hurt and due to injuries.
  3. Hormonal factors – Unbalanced hormones, such as variations in oestrogen levels, may be a factor in a rise of symptoms.
  4. Other medical condition – Other chronic pain diseases including arthritis, lupus, or chronic fatigue syndrome frequently coexist with fibromyalgia. The symptoms of these illnesses may be made worse by their interactions.


The primary symptom is widespread pain throughout the body, which can be accompanied by fatigue, sleep disturbances, and cognitive difficulties commonly known as fibro fog. Other symptoms may include morning stiffness, headaches, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), depression, anxiety and sensitivity to noise, light and temperature changes.


Diagnosing fibromyalgia can be challenging as there are no specific laboratory tests or imaging scans available. Instead, healthcare professionals rely on a combination of patient-reported symptoms, physical examinations, and the exclusion of other conditions. The American College of Rheumatology has established diagnostic criteria that include widespread pain and tenderness in at least 11 out of 18 specific tender points on the body.

Primary care doctors must be consulted in order to make an accurate diagnosis of fibromyalgia. These experts will review the patient’s medical background, perform a complete physical examination, and take into account any symptoms that have been recorded. In order to rule out other problems that might have symptoms, such as autoimmune diseases or thyroid issues, they may also request blood testing.

Fibromyalgia Treatment

While there is currently no cure, various treatment approaches can help manage the symptoms and improve the quality of life for individuals with the condition. Here are some commonly used treatment options:

  • Medications: Certain medications like analgesics, antidepressants and anti-seizure drugs may be prescribed to alleviate pain, improve sleep and reduce fatigue.
  • Physical Therapy: Exercises, stretching and low-impact aerobic activities can help improve muscle strength, flexibility and overall physical function.
  • Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT): This form of therapy focuses on addressing the emotional and psychological aspects. It can help patients develop coping mechanisms, manage stress and improve sleep hygiene.
  • Lifestyle Modifications: Adopting a healthy lifestyle can have a positive impact on fibromyalgia symptoms. This includes getting regular exercise, maintaining a balanced diet, managing stress levels and ensuring sufficient restful sleep.
  • Alternative Therapies: Some individuals find relief through complementary and alternative therapies such as acupuncture, massage therapy, yoga and mindfulness meditation. These approaches can help reduce pain, promote relaxation and enhance overall well-being.

Lifestyle Modifications

Living with fibromyalgia can be challenging, but having a lifestyle change can help improve symptoms and overall well-being. While there is no one significant approach, making certain changes to daily routines, habits and environments can help manage pain, reduce fatigue and improve quality of life. Here are some important lifestyle modifications that individuals with fibromyalgia can consider:


Living with fibromyalgia can be challenging, but with the right management strategies, individuals can lead fulfilling lives. It’s crucial to work closely with doctor to develop a personalized treatment plan that addresses specific symptoms and individual needs. Moreover, seeking support from patient communities and engaging in self-care practices can provide emotional and social support.

Prolotherapy clinic in Pune offers a promising fibromyalgia treatment option for the patients. With specialized techniques and targeted injections, Prolotherapy aims to strengthen weakened ligaments and tendons, reduce pain and improve overall function. Consulting with a healthcare provider can provide valuable insights and potential relief for individuals.

Remember, every fibromyalgia case is unique and what works for one person may not work for another. It’s essential to have open communication with the doctor, stay informed about the latest research, and remain proactive in managing symptoms.